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CRC  Immigration Services Ltd.

Convention refugee
Refugees are people who have fled their countries because of a well-founded fear of persecution, and who are therefore unable to return home. Many refugees come from war-torn countries and have seen unthinkable horrors.

Convention refugees are people who are outside their home country or the country where they normally live, and who are unwilling to return because of a well-founded fear of persecution based on:

  • race;
  • religion;
  • political opinion;
  • nationality; or
  • membership in a particular social group, such as women or people of a particular sexual orientation.

Refugees must qualify for entry under Canada’s laws and must pass medical and security checks before they can come to Canada.

A person in need of protection is a person in Canada whose removal to their home country or country where they normally live would subject them personally to:

  • a danger of torture;
  • a risk to their life; or
  • a risk of cruel and unusual treatment or punishment.

Refugee and Humanitarian Resettlement Program

There are an estimated 16.7 million refugees in the world today. Countries with resettlement programs resettle about 100,000 refugees from abroad each year. Of that number, Canada annually takes in one out of every 10, through the government-assisted and privately sponsored refugee programs.

Refugees selected for resettlement to Canada have often fled their homes because of unimaginable hardship and have, in many cases, been forced to live in refugee camps for many years. When they arrive in Canada, they basically pick up the pieces of their lives and start over again.

As a member of the international community, Canada helps find solutions to prolonged and emerging refugee situations and helps emerging democracies try to solve many of the problems that create refugee populations. To do this, Canada works closely with the United Nations Refugee Agency.

In keeping with Canada’s proud humanitarian and compassionate traditions, individuals and families selected under the Government-Assisted Refugees (GAR) program are provided with immediate and essential services and income support under the Resettlement Assistance Program (RAP) to assist in helping them become established in Canada.

This support is normally available for up to one year but may extend up to two years for refugees with special needs.

The Resettlement Assistance Program provides income support to government-assisted refugees and offers other essential services such as:

  • welcoming at the point of entry
  • temporary housing
  • help to find permanent housing
  • other settlement services, including financial assistance.

In-Canada Asylum Program

Refugees come from around the world and many make their claims in Canada. The number of people arriving varies from year to year. In 2013, more than 10,380 people came to Canada and made an asylum claim.

The asylum program works to provide refugee protection to people in Canada who have a well-founded fear of persecution or are at risk of torture, or cruel or unusual punishment in their home countries.

Not everyone is eligible to seek asylum. For example, people convicted of serious criminal offences and people who have had previous refugee claims denied by Canada are not eligible to make a claim.

For more information, contact CRC Immigration Services Ltd.